6 Hygiene Practices to Keep Your Teeth Healthy

Oral hygiene is a critical aspect of overall health, yet it’s often neglected or underestimated. Healthy teeth and gums not only contribute to a confident smile but also play a significant role in preventing various health complications. Good oral hygiene practices are relatively simple to implement in daily routines, yet they can have a profound impact on one’s dental health. From routine care like brushing and flossing to regular dental check-ups and understanding the costs associated with certain dental procedures, maintaining oral health requires a combination of personal diligence and professional care. This article aims to explore six essential hygiene practices to keep your teeth healthy, ensuring a lifetime of good oral health.

So, without further ado, let’s explore some hygiene practices to improve your oral health:

1.   Regular Dental Check-ups and Procedures

Regular dental check-ups are foundational to maintaining healthy teeth. These visits allow dental professionals to monitor your oral health, perform professional cleanings, and catch potential issues before they escalate. During these check-ups, dentists can advise if any specific dental procedures are necessary. For instance, wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure that might be recommended based on individual needs.

Understanding the costs associated with such procedures is important for financial planning. The wisdom tooth extraction cost, for example, can vary based on factors like the complexity of the case and the geographical location. Having a clear idea about such costs can help in making informed decisions about your dental care. Investing in these necessary dental procedures can prevent further complications and additional costs in the long run. Regular dental visits, therefore, not only maintain oral health but also provide an opportunity to budget for any required dental work.

2.   Proper Brushing Technique

The cornerstone of oral hygiene is undoubtedly proper brushing. Effective brushing removes plaqueon teeth and gums. If this sticky bacteria isn’t removed, it can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. The correct technique involves using a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste to brush all surfaces of the teeth gently.

Brushing should last for at least two minutes and be performed at least twice a day, ideally in the morning and before bed. It’s important to use gentle circular motions and to brush along the gum line, as this is where plaque tends to accumulate. Additionally, replacing your toothbrush every three to four months, or sooner if the bristles are frayed, is crucial for maintaining its effectiveness.

3.   Flossing Daily

While brushing is effective at cleaning the surfaces of teeth, it doesn’t fully clean the tight spaces between them. That’s where flossing plays a vital role. Daily flossing removes food particles and plaque stuck between teeth. This practice is essential in preventing gum disease and tooth decay.

Proper flossing involves using about eighteen inches of the string and winding it around your middle fingers with an inch or so to work with. Remember, the goal of flossing is not just to remove food particles but also to scrape off plaque from the tooth surfaces. For those who find flossing with traditional string floss challenging, alternatives like floss picks, water flossers, or interdental brushes can be effective options.

4.   Balanced Diet and Limiting Sugary Foods

A balanced diet plays a pivotal role in maintaining healthy teeth. Nutrients from food, particularly dairy products, fruits, vegetables, and fish, are essential for gum health and keeping teeth strong. Calcium-rich foods, such as cheese, yogurt, and leafy greens, help strengthen tooth enamel, the outermost layer that protects against cavities. Additionally, foods high in phosphorus, like eggs, fish, and lean meat, assist in repairing and maintaining tooth enamel.

Equally important is limiting sugary foods and beverages. Sugar is a leading contributor to tooth decay as it fuels the bacteria in plaque, leading to acid production that erodes tooth enamel. Minimizing the intake of candies, sugary drinks, and even starchy, refined carbohydrates can significantly reduce the risk of cavities. It’s also advisable to drink water after consuming sugary or acidic foods to help neutralize acids and wash away food particles.

5.   Overcoming Harmful Habits

Specific lifestyle habits can adversely impact oral well-being. Smoking and using tobacco products are the most harmful, leading to an increased risk of gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancer. Tobacco use slows down the healing process in the mouth, making recovery from dental procedures longer and more complicated. Quitting smoking is one of the best decisions one can make for oral health.

Excessive alcohol consumption is another habit that negatively affects oral health. Alcohol can dry out the mouth, reducing saliva flow, which is essential for washing away food particles and neutralizing acids. Chronic alcohol use can also lead to an increased risk of oral cancer. Reducing alcohol intake and maintaining a balanced, healthy lifestyle can significantly benefit oral health.

6.   Using Mouthwash and Regular Tongue Cleaning

Mouthwash and tongue cleaning are often overlooked practices in oral hygiene routines, but they are crucial for maintaining overall oral health. Mouthwash, especially those containing fluoride or antibacterial properties, can reach areas of the mouth that brushing and flossing might miss. It helps reduce the amount of acid in the mouth, cleans hard-to-brush areas, and re-mineralizes the teeth, providing an extra layer of protection against tooth decay.

Regular tongue cleaning is also essential, as the tongue can harbor bacteria and food particles. Cleaning the tongue daily, either with a toothbrush or a tongue scraper, can help remove this debris, improve breath, and contribute to overall mouth cleanliness. Incorporating these practices into your daily routine can help keep your mouth clean and reduce the risk of bad breath and other oral health issues.


Maintaining good oral health is a multifaceted endeavor that extends beyond regular brushing and flossing. It involves a combination of proper dietary choices, avoiding harmful habits, and additional hygiene practices like using mouthwash and cleaning the tongue. By incorporating these six key practices into your daily routine, you can significantly improve your oral health and prevent many common dental problems. Regular dental check-ups, proper brushing and flossing techniques, a balanced diet, and a healthy lifestyle are all essential components of good oral hygiene. Taking these steps will not only ensure a healthier mouth but also contribute to your overall well-being.